Showing posts with label Windows XP. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Windows XP. Show all posts

How to Install Windows XP - Step by Step Installation

Windows XP is one of Microsoft’s most popular operating systems, and though it’s starting to show its age, many people still use it exclusively. Whether you’ve got an old computer that you want to get functioning again or you want to install XP on your new machine, it will only take a short while.

Note: Microsoft is no longer supporting Windows XP, which means it will no longer receive essential security fixes. It is highly recommended that you consider upgrading to a newer version of  Windows, such as Windows 8, Windows 8.1 or Windows10

1 Setup

1 Ensure that your computer can run Windows XP. 

Your computer will need to meet or exceed the minimum system requirements in order to run Windows XP. You can find your system information by either checking the computer manufacturer's manual, or by running DirectX Diagnostic on an existing Windows operating system of the computer.
  • To start the DirectX Diagnostic, open the Run dialog (press WinKey+R simultaneously), type dxdiag, and click OK.
  • Minimum System Requirements
    • 300 MHz Intel or AMD CPU
    • 128 megabytes (MB) of system RAM
    • 1.5 gigabytes (GB) of available drive space
    • Super VGA (800x600) or higher display adapter
    • CD or DVD-ROM
    • Keyboard and mouse, or other pointing devices
    • Network Interface Adapter required for Internet and Network Connectivity
    • Sound card and speakers or headphones

2 Find your Windows XP Product Key. 

It is printed on a sticker on your software package or located on the computer itself. It is a string of 5 groups of characters (each 5 long), separated by dashes, resulting in 25 characters in all. You need the product key to complete installing Windows

3 Set your computer to boot from CD/DVD. 

Before inserting the CD, you'll need to set your computer to boot from a CD instead of from the hard drive. This will allow you to load the Windows XP setup files before your computer boots to its installed operating system. You can change the boot order from the BOOT menu in your BIOS.
  • To enter the BIOS of your computer, you usually press F9 or DEL when your computer starts or notifies you that you can enter "setup". Click the green "BIOS" link for more information. [1]
  • In the BOOT menu, set the order so that your CD/DVD-ROM drive is set as the 1st Boot Device.
  • If you are installing Windows XP from a USB drive, make sure that the USB drive is set as the 1st Boot Device. You may need to have the USB drive inserted for it to appear as an option.

Part 2 Installation

1 Load the installer. 

Once your Boot Order is set, insert the Windows XP CD into your drive and Save and Exit from the BIOS. Your computer will reboot and you will be presented with the message: Press any key to boot from CD. Press any key on your keyboard to start the Setup program.
  • Setup will load files necessary to begin the installation, which may take a few moments. Once the loading is complete, you will be taken to the Welcome screen.

2 Press ENTER to begin installation. 

Once the loading is complete, you will be taken to the Welcome screen. You are given several options, but if you are installing or reinstalling Windows XP, you’ll want to press ENTER to start the installation configuration.

3 Read the License Agreement. 

This document tells you what you can and can’t do with Windows, and your rights as the consumer. After reading, press F8 indicating you agree to the terms.

4 Select the partition you want to install on. 

You will see a list of available partitions on your installed hard drives. If you are installing Windows XP on a new hard drive, you should see only one entry labeled "Unpartitioned space." If you have a previous version of Windows or Linux installed on your computer, you will potentially have multiple partitions.
  • Installing Windows XP will erase all of the data on the partition that you choose. Select a partition that is empty or that contains data that you do not care to lose.
  • You can delete your partitions with the “D” key. This will return them to “Unpartitioned space”. Any data on the partition will be lost when it is deleted.

5 Create a new partition. 

Select the Unpartitioned space and press “C”. This will open a new screen where you can set the partition’s size from the available space. Enter the size in megabytes (MB) for the new partition and then press ENTER.
  • By default, the partition will be set to the maximum amount of available space. Unless you plan on creating multiple partitions, you can usually leave this at its default.
  • Windows XP requires at least 1.5 gigabytes (1536 MB) for its installation files, but you will want more than this for programs, documents, downloads, and other files. 5 gigabytes (5120 MB) is a good baseline amount for Windows XP, with more if you plan on installing a lot of programs.
  • You can create multiple partitions on a single drive. This can allow you to separate your programs from your movies and music, or to install another operating system. Windows XP can only be installed on one discrete partition.

6 Select your new partition. 

Once you’ve created your installation partition, you will be returned to the partition selection screen. Select your new partition, usually labeled "C: Partition 1 [Raw]" and press ENTER. 

7 Select "Format the Partition using the NTFS File System" and press ENTER. 

NTFS is the preferred method, supporting a larger amount of disk space per partition than FAT, and including security features at the file system level. NTFS also includes system level compression. There are almost no situations anymore where choosing FAT would be preferable.
  • If your partition size is larger than 32 GB, you will not be given the option to choose FAT.
  • It is highly recommended to avoid Quick Format, as this skips an important process that checks the hard drive for errors or bad sectors. This scan is what consumes the majority of the time taken when performing a full format. If there are errors on a disk at the physical level, it's best to catch them now rather than later.

8 Wait for the format to complete. 

The system will now format the partition. The length of time this process requires depends on the speed and size of the drive. In general, the larger the partition, the longer the process will take. 

9 Wait for the Setup files to copy. 

Windows will now start copying files from the installation disc and prompt you to reboot the computer when the process is completed. Press ENTER when prompted to reboot, otherwise it will do so automatically after 15 seconds.

10 Allow the computer to boot normally. 

You will see the message asking you to press a key to boot from CD. Ignore it and allow the computer to continue booting from the hard drive. You will see the Windows logo as the Setup program loads. 

11 Wait for the installation to proceed. 

After the Windows logo goes away, you will see a list of steps remaining on the left side of the screen, and tips for using windows on the right. The time remaining for the installation will be displayed below the list of steps remaining.
  • It is normal for the screen to flicker, turn on and off, or resize during this process.

12 Choose your language and region settings. 

During the installation process a dialog window will appear, asking you to choose your Regional settings. Select appropriate settings native to your area. Click the Next button when that is completed.
  • Enter your full name if you want. This will be set as the “owner” of Windows, and will be attached to certain things, such as Document creation.

13 Enter your Product Key. 

You will not be able to complete the installation process without a valid Product Key. Click "Next" to continue.
  • Some versions of Windows will not ask for the Product Key until installation is complete.

14 Set your computer’s name. 

This will be the name that represents the computer on a network. Windows sets a default name, but you can change it if you would like. You can also set a password for the Administrator account. This is optional, but recommended for public computers. 

15 Select your time zone. 

Ensure that the date/time are correct. Click "Next" to continue. 

16 Choose your network settings. 

Almost all users installing Windows XP on a home or personal computer can leave "Typical Settings" selected for Network Setup. If you are installing Windows XP in a corporate or academic environment, check with the system administrator, though Typical Settings will most likely work.
  • In the next window, nearly all users can select “No, this computer is not on a network, or is on a network without a domain.” If you are in a corporate setting, ask your system administrator which you should choose.
  • You can typically leave the workgroup name set to default.

17 Wait for the installation to finalize. 

This will only take a few minutes, and the computer will reboot when it is finished installing. Once the computer reboots, you will be taken to the Windows XP desktop. At this point, installation is complete, though there are a few things left to do before Windows is completely usable 

3 Completion

1 Set your display preferences. 

Once Windows loads, you will be told that Windows will automatically configure your display. Click OK to start the configuration. Your screen will flash a couple times, and then you will be asked if you can read the box that appears.



2 Set your connection preferences. 

If your computer is connected to the internet, select your connection type. Press Next to continue. 

3  Activate your copy of Windows. 

If connected to the Internet, Select "Activate Now." Windows will connect to the activation server and automatically authenticate your copy of Windows. If you haven’t entered your Product Key yet, you will need to enter it now.[2]

4 Create Users. 

After the Activation Process, a window will appear allowing you to select the users for the computer. Enter your name, and the names of others who will be using the machine. Press Next to continue. 

5  Start using Windows. 

You will now be looking at the default Windows XP Desktop. Congratulations! There are a few things that you should probably do now that you have Windows up and running:
  • Install any drivers that you need to for your computer’s hardware.
  • Install an antivirus program if you are connected to the internet.
  • Set your BIOS to boot from the hard drive again instead of the CD.

Windows XP vs. Windows vista vs. Windows 7 vs. Windows 8 vs. Windows 10 - Which Operating System Is Right for You?

Microsoft’s current operating system offerings represent more choices than most consumers know what to do with. Windows 7 still leads the pack; according to July 2014 numbers from Net Market Share, its market share increased to 51.22% of computers worldwide. Windows 8 and 8.1, meanwhile — the former introduced a new tablet and hybrid device-friendly look, while the latter integrated those with a more classic desktop experience — are holding steady around 12.48%.
Then there’s Windows XP, which still claims a shocking 24.82% of the market, even though support for the OS ended in April and repeated security issues have plagued XP users since. Many in the tech world are already buzzing about the possibility of Windows 9, too, which should be available sometime in early 2015.
If you’re a business owner or key employee looking to update existing systems or purchase new ones, you might be confused by all the choices. Which is why we’ve identified the top 4 attributes and 1 main drawback of Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 8.1. Armed with this kind of information, and with a trusted IT advisor by your side, you can make the best decision for your company.
Top 4 Attributes of Windows 7
1) Stability. If you’re moving up from Windows XP or Vista and were plagued by those two operating systems’ constant security issues, Windows 7, which came out 6 years ago, is probably right for you.
2) A familiar user experience. Windows 8 brought touch technology to the desktop world, basically jamming two competing user interfaces into one OS. If you value simplicity and familiarity, Windows 7 will soothe your nerves — while Windows 8 will probably drive you crazy.
3) Time-tested security updates. Windows 7 has been through one major Service Pack upgrade and countless bug fixes over the years, resulting in a rock-solid OS with very few of its predecessors’ (or successors’) problems. 51% of market share is nothing to sneeze at.
4) A redesigned task bar that allows applications to be pinned to it. If you’re coming from Windows XP or Vista, this small tweak will seem like a major upgrade, as it allows for greater productivity and efficiency.
Major Drawback: If you already have Windows 7, it’s fine for the time being. But the Home version of Windows 7 will no longer be for sale after October 2014, while Professional versions will remain on the market until August 2015. Meanwhile, mainstream support for it will end in January 2015, with extended support lasting through 2020. Another repeat of the protracted Windows XP end-of-life scenario is possible — not to mention compatibility problems that will pop up as new software is written to the standards of newer operating systems.
Top 4 Attributes of Windows 8
1) Improved boot time and overall performance. Windows 8 machines typically take only 10-15 seconds to boot up, and the OS combines hibernation and shutdown modes into one hybrid mode that allows for quick start-up, too.
2) OS-level support for USB 3 devices. This new feature allows for transfer speeds of up to 5 GB/second, which can drastically enhance efficiency and productivity.
3) A visually appealing and informative Task Manager. Windows 8 displays statistics on heat, CPU, memory, disk, Ethernet, wireless consumption, and boot time using easy-to-read graphs and charts.
4) It’s geared toward tablets, mobile devices, and other hybrids. Microsoft’s massive redesign of the User Interface introduces a Metro shell that geared directly toward touch devices. It’s the future, but…
Major Drawback: If you’re not ready for the massive shift toward touch-friendly technology, Microsoft 8 will probably leave you in the dark.
Top 4 Attributes of Windows 8.1
1) It blends the best of Windows 8’s touch-specific UI with a more classic desktop experience. Bringing back the Start button and boot-to-desktop capabilities appeased those angry of Windows 8’s move away from desktop interface while still maintaining Windows 8’s modern look and feel.
2) Extensive app compatibility. Windows 8.1’s more flexible Snap function is a major improvement on Windows 8’s two-apps-at-a-time limitation. And the integration between Office 2013, Office 365, and One Drive is seamless since all of those products were designed together.
3) Streamlined search. Windows 8’s Search queue still separated results into Apps, Files, and Settings categories, but 8.1’s Smart Search blends all results — including those from SkyDrive, the Web, and video and music files — together into one cohesive whole.
4) Security. Windows 8.1 is the first Microsoft OS to enable BitLocker Drive encryption by default. Windows 7 requires a manual download of Microsoft Security Essentials, while Windows 8 requires that users turn on BitLocker. 8.1 also includes secure booting and automatic connection to VPNs, minimizing the risk of malware infecting your system.
Major Drawback: 8.1 brought back the Start button, but not the Start menu, which early reports indicate will be a major feature of Windows 9. And although some people consider it a sticking point, 8.1 contains two modes: an app mode good for mobile users and a desktop mode similar to the classic Windows 7 experience.
Strategically speaking, Windows 8.1 is the best answer for anyone looking to purchase new computers. If you’re still not sure about the right operating system for you and your business, contact CMIT Solutions today. We’re here to make technology work for you, not against you.