Showing posts with label Windows Vista. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Windows Vista. Show all posts

How to Install Windows Vista - Step by Step Installation

Want to upgrade your old computer to Windows Vista? Maybe your computer is running slow and you want to wipe it and start from scratch. Installing Vista is a quick and mostly automated process, and with a little preparation you can have it finished in about an hour. Read on after the jump to learn how.

Part 1 Changing your OS to Windows Vista

1  Check your specs. 

In order to run Windows Vista you must have at least an 800 MHz processor (1 GHz is recommended), 512 MB RAM (1 GB is recommended), 15 GB of hard disk space (20 GB is recommended), and a DirectX 9 graphics card. [1] Different programs will have different system requirements.
  • To check your system specs in Windows XP, open the Start menu and right-click My Computer. From the menu, select Properties. This will open the System Properties window. In the General tab, your system specifications will be listed under the Computer heading.

2 Backup your data. 

If you are upgrading from another OS, you will lose all of your files and programs. The programs can’t be backed up; they will need to be reinstalled. Any files—including documents, music, pictures, and videos—that you want to save need to be copied to a backup location.
  • You can use DVDs, CDs, external hard drives, flash drives, or the cloud, depending on how much data you have to backup.

3 Set your BIOS to boot from CD. 

To do this, restart the computer and enter the setup screen when the manufacturer logo appears. The key to do this will be displayed, and varies by manufacturer. The most common keys are F2, F10, F12, and Del.
  • Once in the BIOS menu, select the Boot menu. Change the order of devices so that your computer boots from CD before booting from the hard drive. Save your changes and exit. Your computer will restart.
  • If you are installing from a flash drive, then you will need to set the BIOS to boot from removable storage.

Part 2 Installing Windows Vista

1 Reboot your computer. 

Make sure that the installation DVD or USB drive has been inserted. If your boot order is set correctly, you will see a message telling you to “Press any key to boot from CD…”. Press a key on the keyboard and the Windows Vista setup process will begin.
  • Your system may automatically launch the setup program without asking you to press any key.

2 Watch the Windows files load. 

After completion, the Windows Vista logo will appear. No files have been altered on your computer yet. Your data will be deleted in later steps.

3 Choose your preferences. 

You will be prompted to confirm your Language, Time & Currency format, and Keyboard or input method. Select the appropriate options for you and click Next. 

4 Click Install Now. 

Do not click repair computer, even if you are repairing a computer by reinstalling Windows. Once clicked, Setup will begin loading the files it needs to continue. 

5 Get the updates. 

If your computer is connected to the internet, you will be given the opportunity to download updates before installation begins. This can save you time down the road, and allow you to start using Windows as soon as its down installing. 

6 Enter your product key. 

This is the 25-character key that came with your copy of Windows. Check the “Automatically activate Windows when I’m online” box to have Windows automatically verify your key the next time it is connected to the internet.

7 Read and accept the terms. 

In order to advance, you must indicate that you have read and agree to Microsoft’s terms of use. Be sure to read through it so that you know your rights and limitations as a user.

8 Choose Custom install. 

This will allow you to perform a clean installation. Even if you are upgrading a previous version of Windows, it is highly recommended that you perform a clean install. Performing an Upgrade will often lead to devices and programs not operating efficiently and effectively.

9 Delete the partition. 

A window will open asking where you would like to install Windows. In order to perform a clean install, you need to delete the old partition and start with a clean slate. Click “Drive options (advanced).” This will give you the ability to delete and create partitions.
  • Select the partition of your existing operating system and click the Delete button.
  • If you are installing an operating system for the first time on this hard drive, then there will be no partitions to delete.
  • If your hard drive has multiple partitions, be sure to delete the correct one. Any data on a deleted partition is lost for good.
  • Confirm the deletion process.

10 Select the Unallocated Space and click Next. 

There is no need to create a partition before you install Windows Vista, this is done automatically. 

11 Wait while Windows installs files. 

The percentage next to Expanding Windows files will steadily increase. This part of the process can take up to 30 minutes.
  • Windows will automatically restart your computer when finished.
  • Setup will launch again, and a message will tell you that Setup is updating registry settings.
  • Setup will then configure your computer’s services. This happens every time you start Windows, but will happen in the background next time.
  • A window will open letting you know that Windows is completing the installation. Your computer will restart again when this is complete.
  • Setup will now load drivers and check video settings. This part does not require any input from you.

12 Enter your username and computer name. 

Your username will be used to log in to the computer and personalize your account. Your computer name is the name that your computer will display on the network.
  • You can add more users later through the Windows Vista Control Panel.
  • Windows will ask you for a password. This is optional but highly recommended, especially if the computer will be accessible by users other than yourself. If you’d rather not have a password, leave the fields blank and click Next.

13 Select a Windows Update option. 

To make sure that your copy of Windows runs securely and stably, it is highly recommended that you choose one of the first two options. The first option will install all updates automatically; the second option will prompt you when important updates are available. 

14 Select the date and time. 

These should be correct already as they are linked to your BIOS, but you can change them now if they are not. Check the box if your area observes Daylight Savings. 

15 Select your network preferences. 

If your computer is connected to a network, you will be given an option to identify that network. Most users will select Home or Work network. If your computer is being used in a public place, select Public network. Mobile broadband users should always select Public network.
  • Windows will now attempt to connect your computer to the network. This process is completely automated.

16 Explore your desktop. 

After one final loading screen, your new Windows Vista desktop will appear. Installation is now complete. Read on to get your computer updated and protected.[2]

Part 3 Finishing the Installation

1   Activate Windows Vista. 

Before you can use Windows to its fullest, you will need to activate it. Activation can be done automatically over the internet. Click the Activation icon in the System Tray to start the process. 

2 Run Windows Update. 

If you selected not to update automatically, you should run Windows Update as soon as possible. This will ensure that you have the latest security and stability fixes. If you chose to automatically update, your computer will start downloading and installing updates as soon as it is connected to the internet. 

3 Check you devices and drivers. 

Most of your hardware should be installed automatically, but you may have to get drivers for more specialized hardware, or download the latest versions from the manufacturers. You can see what needs drivers from the Device Manager. 

4 Install an antivirus. 

While Microsoft provides a free antivirus solution called Microsoft Essentials, it is barebones and not a strong deterrent against viruses. Instead, install a third-party antivirus program that will help to protect your computer and information. You can find both free and paid antivirus software. 

5 Install your programs. 

Once you’ve got Windows updated and protected, you can start installing the programs you need. Keep in mind that not every program that you used in older versions of Windows will be compatible with Windows Vista.

Windows XP vs. Windows vista vs. Windows 7 vs. Windows 8 vs. Windows 10 - Which Operating System Is Right for You?

Microsoft’s current operating system offerings represent more choices than most consumers know what to do with. Windows 7 still leads the pack; according to July 2014 numbers from Net Market Share, its market share increased to 51.22% of computers worldwide. Windows 8 and 8.1, meanwhile — the former introduced a new tablet and hybrid device-friendly look, while the latter integrated those with a more classic desktop experience — are holding steady around 12.48%.
Then there’s Windows XP, which still claims a shocking 24.82% of the market, even though support for the OS ended in April and repeated security issues have plagued XP users since. Many in the tech world are already buzzing about the possibility of Windows 9, too, which should be available sometime in early 2015.
If you’re a business owner or key employee looking to update existing systems or purchase new ones, you might be confused by all the choices. Which is why we’ve identified the top 4 attributes and 1 main drawback of Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 8.1. Armed with this kind of information, and with a trusted IT advisor by your side, you can make the best decision for your company.
Top 4 Attributes of Windows 7
1) Stability. If you’re moving up from Windows XP or Vista and were plagued by those two operating systems’ constant security issues, Windows 7, which came out 6 years ago, is probably right for you.
2) A familiar user experience. Windows 8 brought touch technology to the desktop world, basically jamming two competing user interfaces into one OS. If you value simplicity and familiarity, Windows 7 will soothe your nerves — while Windows 8 will probably drive you crazy.
3) Time-tested security updates. Windows 7 has been through one major Service Pack upgrade and countless bug fixes over the years, resulting in a rock-solid OS with very few of its predecessors’ (or successors’) problems. 51% of market share is nothing to sneeze at.
4) A redesigned task bar that allows applications to be pinned to it. If you’re coming from Windows XP or Vista, this small tweak will seem like a major upgrade, as it allows for greater productivity and efficiency.
Major Drawback: If you already have Windows 7, it’s fine for the time being. But the Home version of Windows 7 will no longer be for sale after October 2014, while Professional versions will remain on the market until August 2015. Meanwhile, mainstream support for it will end in January 2015, with extended support lasting through 2020. Another repeat of the protracted Windows XP end-of-life scenario is possible — not to mention compatibility problems that will pop up as new software is written to the standards of newer operating systems.
Top 4 Attributes of Windows 8
1) Improved boot time and overall performance. Windows 8 machines typically take only 10-15 seconds to boot up, and the OS combines hibernation and shutdown modes into one hybrid mode that allows for quick start-up, too.
2) OS-level support for USB 3 devices. This new feature allows for transfer speeds of up to 5 GB/second, which can drastically enhance efficiency and productivity.
3) A visually appealing and informative Task Manager. Windows 8 displays statistics on heat, CPU, memory, disk, Ethernet, wireless consumption, and boot time using easy-to-read graphs and charts.
4) It’s geared toward tablets, mobile devices, and other hybrids. Microsoft’s massive redesign of the User Interface introduces a Metro shell that geared directly toward touch devices. It’s the future, but…
Major Drawback: If you’re not ready for the massive shift toward touch-friendly technology, Microsoft 8 will probably leave you in the dark.
Top 4 Attributes of Windows 8.1
1) It blends the best of Windows 8’s touch-specific UI with a more classic desktop experience. Bringing back the Start button and boot-to-desktop capabilities appeased those angry of Windows 8’s move away from desktop interface while still maintaining Windows 8’s modern look and feel.
2) Extensive app compatibility. Windows 8.1’s more flexible Snap function is a major improvement on Windows 8’s two-apps-at-a-time limitation. And the integration between Office 2013, Office 365, and One Drive is seamless since all of those products were designed together.
3) Streamlined search. Windows 8’s Search queue still separated results into Apps, Files, and Settings categories, but 8.1’s Smart Search blends all results — including those from SkyDrive, the Web, and video and music files — together into one cohesive whole.
4) Security. Windows 8.1 is the first Microsoft OS to enable BitLocker Drive encryption by default. Windows 7 requires a manual download of Microsoft Security Essentials, while Windows 8 requires that users turn on BitLocker. 8.1 also includes secure booting and automatic connection to VPNs, minimizing the risk of malware infecting your system.
Major Drawback: 8.1 brought back the Start button, but not the Start menu, which early reports indicate will be a major feature of Windows 9. And although some people consider it a sticking point, 8.1 contains two modes: an app mode good for mobile users and a desktop mode similar to the classic Windows 7 experience.
Strategically speaking, Windows 8.1 is the best answer for anyone looking to purchase new computers. If you’re still not sure about the right operating system for you and your business, contact CMIT Solutions today. We’re here to make technology work for you, not against you.